Main Dates

February 14, 1896 – Publication of Theodor Herzl’s treatise “The Jewish State”

August 29, 1897 – Opening of First Zionist Conference at Basel, Switzerland

November 2, 1917 – Issuing of Balfour Declaration: British support for a “Jewish Homeland”

April 15, 1936 – Arab revolt begins

November 29, 1947 – U.N. Partition Plan approved (Resolution 181)

May 14, 1948 – Declaration of the State of Israel

May 15, 1948 – January 1949 – War of Independence

January 25, 1949 – Israel’s first national election takes place; David Ben-Gurion elected Prime
Minister

October 29 -November 6, 1956 – Suez Campaign

January 1964 – Creation of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

June 5 – 10, 1967 – Six Day War

November 22, 1967 – Adoption of U.N. Security Council Resolution 242

September 5, 1972 – Massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics

October 6 – 24, 1973 – Yom Kippur War

October 22, 1973 – Adoption of U.N. Security Council Resolution 338

November 19, 1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visits Jerusalem

September 17, 1978 – Camp David accords signed

March 26, 1979 – Egypt-Israel peace treaty signed

June 7, 1981- Israel attacks Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor

June 6, 1982 – Operation “Peace for the Galilee” launched; start of Lebanon War

December 8, 1987 – Start of the Intifada

January 16 – February 27, 1991 – Gulf War Iraq launches SCUD missiles at Israel

October 30, 1991 – Madrid Peace Conference

September 13, 1993 – Israel-Palestinian Declaration of Principles announced

May 4, 1994 – Agreement on the Gaza Strip and Jericho reached

May 13, 1994 – Israeli withdrawal from Jericho

October 14, 1994 – Rabin, Peres and Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

October 26, 1994 – Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty

December 1, 1994 – Transfer of West Bank administrative control to Palestinians

September 28, 1995 – Signing of Oslo II agreement

November 4, 1995 – Assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

January 20, 1996 – First Palestinian elections

January 17, 1997 – Israeli withdrawal from Hebron

May 24, 2000 – Israel withdraws from southern Lebanon

July 11 – 25, 2000 – Camp David Summit

September 29, 2000 – Outbreak of widespread Palestinian violence, “Second (al-Aqsa) Intifada”
begins

June 24, 2002 – U.S. President George Bush speech calls for replacement of Palestinian Authority leadership to crack down on terrorism, to be followed by interim Palestinian state (basis of future Roadmap plan)

April 30, 2003 – The “Road Map for Peace” is presented by the Quartet to the Israelis and Palestinians

April 14, 2004 – President Bush writes a letter to PM Sharon expressing support for disengagement and pledging that Israel will not be expected to return to the pre-1967 borders in any final status agreement

February 26, 2005 – The Knesset gives final approval to the Disengagement Plan, and rejects calls by some ministers for a national referendum

August 15, 2005 – The evacuation of settlers from the Gaza Strip and four settlements in the northern West Bank begins

September 12, 2005 – The Israeli military completes its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip

June 15, 2007 – Hamas takes over Gaza

November 27, 2007 – Forty-six nations gather at Annapolis, Maryland for a U.S.-hosted conference intended to renew Israeli Palestinian peace talks

December 27, 2008 – In response to increasing rocket barrages Israel launches airstrikes against Hamas terrorists in the Gaza strip.